Kaunas, located in the central southern part of Lithuania, is the second most populous city in the country. It covers 157 sq km (60.6 sq mi) and has a population of 321,000 people (2011 estimate). Situated at the confluence of two major rivers namely the Nemunas and the Neris, Kaunas is historically one of the major economic, academic and cultural hubs of Lithuania.
Guide to Kaunas HotelsHere's a list of hotels in Kaunas that you can book online, with full description, star rating, address, location map, evaluation, and prices as offered by different booking sites. This helps you to make your room booking with the site that offers the best price.
Author: Nikater (Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported)
More on KaunasKaunas experiences a humid continental climate that is relatively mild for its latitude, due to proximity to the Baltic Sea. The warmest month in Kaunas is July, when the average high temperature rises to 22.2°C (72°F). Coldest month is January, when the average low temperature drops to -8.5°C (16.7°F). July is the wettest month, receiving 80 mm (3.15 in) of precipitation.
Archaeological excavations have provided evidence of human habitation in the area around Kaunas going back to the second millennium BC. The city itself traces its founding to the 11th century AD, specifically in AD 1030. The city joined the Hanseatic League in 1441. Kaunas was attacked by Russia a number of times in the 17th century. It was also occupied by Sweden in 1701. In addition, it also suffered from the Black Death in 1657 and 1708, and was damaged by major fires in 1731 and 1732.
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Kaunas was part of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth until 1795, when the commonwealth was partitioned, and Kaunas became part of the Russian Empire. Napoleon's troops advancing through Lithuania into Russia passed through Kaunas twice, and severely devastating it on both accounts.
Kaunas had a sizable Jewish community until the Second World War, when it succumbed to Nazi genocide. After the Second World War, Kaunas was once again under the Soviet regime - but not without a fight. The city was a major bastion of anti-Communist resistance, particularly in 1972, when 19-year-old Romas Kalanta immolated himself after denouncing Soviet suppression. His death fueled further unrest and self-immolation.
Akropolis Mall, Kaunas
Author: Phillip Capper (Creative Commons Attribution 2.0 Generic)
When Lithuania regained its independence, Kaunas became the main industrial city of the country, producing a quarter of its industrial output. Today the city has vastly improved its environment standards as well as standard of living.
Visiting KaunasKaunas International Airport (KUN) is served by low-cost carrier Ryanair from Birmingham, Bremen, Bristol, Dublin, Frankfurt-Hahn, Liverpool, London-Stansted and London-Luton. You can also take a train or bus from Vilnius to Kaunas.
Places of Interest in the Old Town of Kaunas
Author: Algirdas (Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported)
Sights & Attractions in Modern Kaunas
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